Liputan6.com, Jakarta- A new virus has emerged again in China. A man died in Yunnan Province on Monday (3/23) because he tested positive for Hantavirus.
However, that doesn't mean you have to worry about another pandemic coming. Hantavirus is a member of a family of viruses that spreads through mice.
This was revealed by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as quoted from the page USA Today, Wednesday (03/25/2020).
The man died on his way back to Shandong Province, according to the Global Times. "He tested positive for Hantavirus. The other 32 people on the bus were tested," chirps from the Global Times.
The tweet appeared in the middle of a pandemic caused by the new Corona Virus. Now, the tweet has been distributed more than 15,000 times.
Not a Global Threat
Although countries around the world are on high alert because of the uncertainty surrounding the spread of Corona COVID-19, there is no indication that hantavirus is a threat to global public health.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cases of hantavirus are rare, and they spread as a result of close contact with animal urine, feces or saliva.
Types of mice that can carry viruses are also not arbitrary. The type of mouse that transmits this virus can spread only through air intermediaries.
"Hantavirus which causes human disease in the United States cannot be transmitted from one person to another," the CDC said on its website.
Symptoms of Hantavirus
Hantavirus can cause pulmonary syndrome, severe respiratory problems that can be fatal.
Symptoms include fatigue, fever, muscle aches, headaches, dizziness, cold, and stomach problems. Coughing and shortness of breath can occur later.
Dengue fever with kidney syndrome, mostly found in Europe and Asia, can also occur, which causes pain, fever, cold, nausea, and blurred vision, the CDC said. More serious symptoms include acute kidney failure.
Mode of Transmission
In the United States, deer mice, cotton mice and rice mice in the southeastern state and white mice in the northeast are hantavirus reservoirs. Rodents shed viruses into urine, feces, and saliva.
This virus is transmitted to humans when they breathe air that is contaminated by the virus. When the urine of rodents, feces, or nesting materials is mixed, small drops containing the virus enter the air. This process is known as air transmission.
There are several other ways mice can spread hantavirus to humans, namely:
If a mouse with a hantavirus bites someone, the virus may spread to that person, but this type of transmission is rare. Scientists believe, humans might contract hantavirus if they touch something that has been contaminated with mouse urine, feces, or saliva. Then it touches the nose or mouth itself. The scientists also suspect, humans can fall ill if they eat food contaminated by urine, feces, or saliva from mice infected with hantavirus.
Risk Groups Infected
Anyone who comes in contact with mice carrying hantavirus is at risk for HPS. Healthy people are also at risk of HPS infection if exposed to a virus.
Any activity that makes you have to come in contact with mouse droppings, urine, saliva, or rat nesting materials puts you at risk of infection. Hantavirus spreads when virus-containing particles from rat urine, feces, or saliva mix into the air.
It is important to avoid actions that cause flying dust, such as sweeping or vacuuming. Hantavirus infection occurs when you inhale virus particles in the air.
Diagnosing HPS in individuals who have only been infected for a few days is difficult. This is because the initial symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, and fatigue are similar to influenza.
But if the individual experiences fever and fatigue and a history of potential exposure to rodents in the countryside, accompanied by shortness of breath, will lead to HPS.
If the individual experiences these symptoms, they should consult a doctor and mention potential rodent exposure.
There is no specific treatment, treatment or vaccine for hantavirus infection. However, we know that if an infected person is found out early and receives medical care in an intensive care unit, the condition will improve.
In intensive care, the patient is intubated and given oxygen therapy to help with symptoms of severe breathing difficulties. The earlier the patient is taken to intensive care, the better.
Therefore, if you are around a rodent and experience symptoms of fever, deep muscle aches, and shortness of breath, see a doctor immediately. Be sure to tell the doctor that you are around a rodent.
This method will remind doctors to look carefully for any diseases carried by rodents, such as HPS.
(Teddy Tri Setio Berty / Tanti Y / Fitri Haryanti Harsono / Fitri Syarifah)
Source: liputan6.comPhoto: Illustration of hanta virus. (Source: AP)